ASA 10-2, Issue No. 137, April 22, 2010


John Hart is with the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) and is an international correspondent for Science and Technology for ASA. John, as a SIRPI researcher, is well noted for his exceptional research and precise documentation across the spectrum of all matters CBRN.

Italo-Soviet Cooperation on CW:
an Update

by John Hart
SIPRI

While the secret military cooperation, including on chemical weapons (CW), between Germany and the Soviet Union in the inter-world war period is well documented, very little has been published on such cooperation between Italy and the Soviet Union.[1] However, in 2009 Professor Lev Aleksandrovich Fedorov, a chemist in the Soviet defense establishment and the current President of the Union for Chemical Safety in Moscow, published a 3-volume study on the history of the Soviet CWprogram.[2] This fundamental work, rich in detail and based on original archives, sheds important light on the brief cooperation on CW between Italy and the Soviet Union in the 1930s, including the key role played by Dr. Yakov Moiseevich Fishman (b. 1887, d. 1962) who was a chemist by training and served as the first head of the Worker-Peasant Red Army's Military Chemical Directorate.[3] In the 1920s Fishman was also the chairman of the air chemical defense section of the Union of OSOAVIAKhim [4] of the USSR.[5] Dr. Vladimir Nikolaiyevich Ipatiev, a chemist who assisted Russia's World War I CW program and who sometimes held strong personal views, described Fishman as a 'miniature chemical Napoleon'.[6]

(cont.p.15-Italo-Soviet Coop)

Prof. Elena Ryabchikova is with the Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Science. Elena is also an international correspondent for Science and Technology for the ASA Newsletter and a long time member of the CBMTS. She will join the CBMTS VIII in Spiez.

Structural Features Of TiO2 Nanoparticles Interaction With A Cell


by Elena Ryabchikova

ABSTRACT

Nanotechnologies are more and more introduced into modern life and thereby cause more and more worries about the safety of nanoparticles for human, for all living organism. Routine toxicology examinations should be complimented with methods allowing studies of fine mechanisms of nonmaterial interaction with cells.

In this work we examined interaction of four types of TiO2 nanoparticles with MDCK cell culture. The particles had identical sizes about 5 nm, and were different in crystal organization (amorphous, anatase, rutile, and brookite). The cells were treated by nanoparticles in identical non-toxic concentration during 1, 3 and 5 h at 37oC, then fixed by 4% paraformaldehyde and processed for electron microscopy.

Electron microscopic examination of ultrathin sections showed different mode of TiO2 nanoparticles interaction with MDCK cells despite their identical sizes.

(cont.p.21 - TiO2)

Paper featured in ASA 10-3

From the Introduction to the National Strategy
for Countering Biological Threats

“We are experiencing an unparalleled period of advancement and innovation in the life sciences globally that continues to transform our way of life. Whether augmenting our ability to provide health care and protect the environment, or expanding our capacity for energy and agricultural production towards global sustainability, continued research and development in the life sciences is essential to a brighter future for all people.”

The US “National Strategy for Countering Biological Threats”

Dr. Barbara Price
Dr. Laura Peitersen
Editors JMedCBR

The growth of life science research on all levels, academic, government, industrial and even individual base, holds enormous promise for developing beneficial solutions to many of our most complex issues: environmental challenges, disease and health, among others. It also brings new challenges to maintaining security and safety and reducing risks of misuse, while continuing to encourage innovation and collaboration among its practitioners. The spread of disease causing pathogens, whether natural, intentional or accidental, does not respect national boundaries; pandemics such as the H1N1 influenza outbreak of 2009 have demonstrated that we are all neighbors, and that global collaboration is required to combat and mitigate serious diseases. The biological threat continues to evolve from classic state-run programs to ill-intentioned individuals acting on their own. Therefore, scientists and policy-makers must strive to achieve the proper balance of intellectual freedom to conduct research with professional responsibility and vigilance.

(cont.p.11 - Bio Threats)

Full Article

an inside look at ASA 10-2

The Professional Library
2
CBMTS VIII: The Agenda and Program
3
10th CBW Protection Symposium

7

Russia’s Big Dig: Boston on the Ob?

8

DSRI Canada
11
ON THE STREET
13
Focal Point News
14
A History of CBW by Prof. Edward Spiers
14
Passenger Profiling: Why are we waiting?
19
An Additional 16 Chemicals to Report
21
Industry Notes
21
Contracts
21
BioScope‘10
28
 
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